Technology is the collection of any methods, skills, techniques, or procedures used in the creation of products or services, for the accomplishment of goals, or in the performance of tasks, like scientific experimentation. A combination of technology and science is termed as cyberspace. The Internet has changed how people, companies, and institutions conduct business. Businesses and people can do transactions online much more efficiently and more quickly than before.
Computers, software, digital equipment, telecommunications, networking, digital imaging, video, web-based applications, digital signal processing, personal computer systems, and other information technology resources and equipment are called technological systems. These systems have the ability to perform tasks in a complex manner. They enable businesses and individuals to use information technology for their benefit. There are five technological systems: analog technology, electronic information systems, optical technologies, and mechanical technologies. In this paper we discuss each of these systems.
Electronic information systems, also called electronic databases, are collections of electronic information, usually stored on microfilms, that support scientific research. This information may be analyzed by computer scientists and engineers using analytic programs. Electronic databases may include medical, legal, financial, and other records. One of the main technological principles behind the development of the Internet is that information can be retrieved and manipulated from the natural world.
The term “iot” is an abbreviation for “Integrated Information Technology”. One example of an iot technology is the cellular telephone. Another example of a non-iot technological development is radar detection. Both the telephone and radar detection are examples of Information Technology innovations that have been incorporated into the physical universe.
Technological developments in Medical Technology allow doctors to keep track of a patient’s condition. Technological innovations in Medical Technology enable doctors to order tests such as X-rays, provide prescription drugs, or prescribe medication via computer. Other examples include: controlling fire, controlling earthquakes, controlling the weather, etc. Other examples include: controlling the human race, preventing global warming, manufacturing fuel efficient automobiles, etc.
In the Twentieth Century a new term was introduced to describe the application of scientific knowledge to business practices: Applied Science. Applied Science became a catchall term for several sciences that were designed to do one or more of three things: (a) make things better, (b) discover new knowledge, (c) test boundaries and implement regulatory requirements, and (d) make things cheaper. Examples of applied science that were applied to business practices during the twentieth century include: computer engineering, applied mathematics, biomechanics, aerospace, electrical and electronics engineering, applied biology, applied chemistry, industrial arts, applied physics, etc. In the Twentieth Century the term “giene” began to refer to any method of controlling disease, illness, physical appearance, behavior, or other aspects of a human being that could promote health, life, or other things. By the Twenty-First Century the phrase, “medicine” would be used to refer to any type of medical practice that uses knowledge, skill, experience, and power to improve the quality of life through prevention, diagnosis, treatment, care, or relief from disease or other conditions.